Osteoporosis – the problem of social and economic

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Stanisław Malec, Ilona Zaręba, Karol Rółkowski, Edyta Rysiak, Wojciech A. Szewczak, Paulina Kojta, Izabela Prokop

2 (39) 2014 s. 167–171
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Fraza do cytowania: Malec S., Zaręba I., Rółkowski K., Rysiak E., Szewczak W.A., Kojta P., Prokop I. Osteoporosis – the problem of social and economic. Polski Przegląd Nauk o Zdrowiu. 2014;2(39):167–171.

Osteoporosis is defined as ”skeletal disease, characterized by reduced bone strength predisposing to an increased risk of fractures or broken bones” is considered one of the ten most important diseases of civilization. This disease affects mainly patients over age 50, of which the greater part are women. According to the prognosis number of patients with this disease will continue to grow with each passing year. This is mainly due to the increasing life expectancy. From an economic point of view, this means growing expenses associated with this disease, which include not only the cost of the treatment itself, but also of hospitalization, rehabilitation and losses resulting from the temporary absence or permanent inability to work. In the case of osteoporosis, very important is early diagnosis and prophylaxis connected to education about diet, supplementation of essential nutrients and appropriate physical activity. Despite this, most of the activities associated with this disease consists in treat the incidents already occurred, and not on the implementation of new diagnostic methods. There are several accepted and effective schemes for treating or alleviating the disease, both pharmacological and non‑pharmacological, however, they are incomparably more expensive than appropriate prophylaxis and prevention of disease development.

Key words: osteoporosis, costs of osteoporosis therapy, pharmacoeconomics of osteoporosis.

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